The collection of regalia in the Moscow Kremlin - ancient emblems or insignia of royalty the monarch power in Russia - numbers 39 items of the 12th - early 13th centuries.
It is considered to be the most valuable one as it is unique and has no analogy in other museums of our country. The Great Princes' and Tsars' residence, the Moscow Kremlin has since olden times stored crowns, sceptres, ceremonial collars, orbs, thrones and other symbols of the monarch’s power. The origin and historical life of the items are linked to the development and growth of the Russian statehood and the most important political events in the Russian history. Settings for reigning, receptions of ambassadors, royal processions and other events of state value were strictly regulated and festive actions. State regalia played the particularly significant role in glorifying the monarch's grandeur during the ceremonies.
The oldest item in the collection is "The Crown of Monomachus". Its name is connected with the Russian legend of the 15th century saying that it had been brought to Russia in ancient times as a gift to the Russian rulers from Byzantine Emperor Constantine Monomakhos. Since the late 15th till the end of 17th century, "The Crown of Monomachus", a symbol of power, was used in the ceremony of setting the ruler of the Russian State for reigning. In the first quarter of the 18th century, after Peter the Great's reforms, the ceremonial setting for reigning was replaced by coronation with the Imperial crown as its primary attribute. The museum collection incorporates the crowns of Empresses Catherine I and Anna Ioannovna.