History of the Museum

The Moscow Kremlin is considered to be a symbol of the Russian statehood. The Kremlin hill became the main sightseeing of Moscow. The architectural ensemble “The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square” is included into the UNESCO List of World Cultural and Natural Heritage.

The Moscow Kremlin State Historical and Cultural Museum and Heritage Site incorporates the Armoury Chamber and the architectural ensemble of the Cathedral Square, consisting of the Assumption, Archangel and Annunciation cathedrals, the Church of Laying Our Lady's Holy Robe, the Patriarch's Palace with the Twelve Apostles' Church and the 'Ivan the Great' Bell Tower complex, as well as the exhibition halls in the Assumption Belfry and in the One-Pillar Chamber of the Patriarch’s Palace.

The history of organizing and developing the museum institution in the Moscow Kremlin covers almost three hundred years and involves periods of prosperity and rapid development of museum and research activities, periods of heroic struggle for saving national treasure as well as periods of stagnation, followed by revival.


In 2020, The Moscow Kremlin Museums have launched a theme-based satellite site The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square – the Cultural Heritage Sites of the UNESCO. It is dedicated to the 30th Anniversary of the inclusion of the architectural ensemble “The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square” UNESCO World Heritage List.