Buildings in the Kremlin
The Faceted Chamber
The throne hall of the brick building is a one-pillared chamber, covered with four cross-shaped vaults. It stands on the high semibasement. The west side of the hall is adjacent to the Front Holy Anteroom. The staircase – Red Porch – leads to the Anteroom. The square-shaped chamber with vaults, propped by the walls and the central pole, presents the frequent hall type of Russian civil architecture of XV-XVI centuries. During the two centuries, the Faceted Chamber with total area of 495 sq. km. had been the largest hall in Russian architecture.
The Chamber was given its name after the architectural design of the main eastern facade facing Cathedral Square coated with faceted white-stone blocks. Such a way of stone’s dressing was typical for Italian Renaissance’s architecture. The building was topped with its present-day low three-pitched roof in the XIX century. The windows with frames in Baroque style were added in the last quarter of the XVII century.
In XVI, the walls and vaults in the chamber’s interior were painted with frescoes. In 1668, Simon Ushakov recommenced painting and made detailed descriptions of frescoes’ scenes. The original frescoes have not survived. The present-day ones were created in 1881 by icon-painters from the town of Palekh, who relied on the Ushakov’s descriptions.
In 1838-1849, while the construction of the Grand Kremlin Palace, the Faceted Chamber was included into the new complex of palace buildings and connected with the Vladimir Hall through the Holy Anteroom.
At the moment, the Faceted Chamber is an official ceremonial hall in the residence of the President of the Russian Federation.
- The Church of Our Lady’s Nativity
- The Assumption Cathedral
- The Church of Laying Our Lady's Holy Robe
- The Annunciation Cathedral
- The Faceted Chamber
- The Archangel's Cathedral
- The Ivan the Great Bell-Tower complex
- The Golden Tsarina's Chamber
- The Terem Palace
- The Upper Saviour’s Cathedral and Terem Churches
- The Patriarch’s Palace and the Twelve Apostles’ Church
- The Fun Palace
- The Arsenal
- The Senate
- The Grand Kremlin Palace
- The Armoury Chamber
- The A.R.C.E.C. Kremlin Military School
- The State Kremlin Palace